Australian Automotive Glossary

Fan Belt

A fan belt, often called a drive belt, is an essential engine component in most vehicles. Fan belt failure can lead to decreased performance or complete stalling. Fan belts are flexible rubber belts connecting simultaneously rotating components....
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Fire Point

Minimum sample temperature at which vapour is produced at a sufficient rate to sustain combustion...
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Firewall

The metal panel that separates the engine compartment from the passenger compartment. It also often includes sound and heat insulation....
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Firing Order

The order in which combustion occurs in the cylinders of an engine, also the order in which spark is distributed to the plugs by the distributor....
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Flywheel

A disc shaped pad bolted to the rear end of the crankshaft. Affixed around the outer perimeter is the ring gear. The starter drive engages the ring gear, turning the flywheel, which rotates the crankshaft, imparting the initial starting motion to the engine....
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Forklift Technician

A person involved in the servicing, repair and diagnosis of faults in forklifts, ranging from small electric forklifts to large commercial diesel forklifts....
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Fossil Fuels

Fuels formed in the ground from the remains of dead plants and animals. It takes millions of years to form fossil fuels. Oil, natural gas, and coal are fossil fuels....
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Four Wheel Drive (4WD)

In a Four Wheel Drive system, a secondary transmission assembly, called a transfer case, is driven from the main transmission. The transfer case distributes power to both axles to drive all four wheels. It is the heart of the Four-Wheel Drive system. Four-Wheel Drive can be full-time, in which power is delivered to both axles at all times or part-time, where the driver selects two or four wheel drive. Four-wheel drive is often combined with independent suspension systems and off-road type tyres to enhance driveability on rough, off-road terrain, or on-road driveability in...
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Front-Wheel Drive (FWD)

A drive system where the engine and transaxle components apply the driving force to the front wheels rather than the rear wheels. Benefits of Front-Wheel drive include: maximized passenger space, enhanced cargo area, excellent drive traction; particularly on wet or slippery surfaces, since the drive is through the front wheels, which carry a heavier load....
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