Australian Automotive Glossary

Stability Control

Also known as "electronic stability control," or "ESC." A safety feature that improves the safety of a vehicles handling by detecting skids and compensating by adjusting braking pressure to help maintain the intended direction of the vehicle. Some stability control systems also reduce engine power until control is regained....
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Standard Operating Procedures (SOP)

The term standard operating procedure, or SOP, is used in a variety of different contexts, throughout automotive workplaces. SOP’s can provide employees with a reference to common workplace practices or tasks. Employees use a SOP to answer questions and get instructions on how to complete certain tasks....
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Steering Rack

The steering component that converts the rotational motion of the steering wheel to the horizontal motion necessary to operate the steering linkage....
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Steering Ratio

A predetermined ratio of the steering gears. Usually, the lower the steering ratio, the quicker the response....
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Stock Records

A generic term that applies to card record systems, stock ledgers and computer files. These provide basic information for inventory management by recording all transactions for an item, including receipts, issues, orders placed, orders received and stock losses....
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Storm Water

Consists of runoff from rain, irrigation and other urban and rural sources....
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Strategy

The general plan or direction designed to accomplish particular objectives....
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Stroke

The distance the piston travels from bottom dead centre to top dead centre within the cylinder....
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Strut

The main support member in a MacPherson suspension system. The strut also serves as the shock absorber....
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